BLOCH, JOSEPH


BLOCH, JOSEPH
BLOCH, JOSEPH (1871–1936), German socialist and journalist. Born in Lithuania, he immigrated to Germany where he edited the Sozialistische Monatshefte, a monthly publication which attracted a team of outstanding writers. Bloch advocated a union of Continental Europe and when the Bolsheviks came to power in Russia, he proposed a Franco-German Union. After the German revolution of 1918, he advocated a system of German democracy based on workers' councils. The Monatshefte gave considerable attention to Jewish questions and supported the Zionist movement. Bloch favored mass immigration to Palestine and was highly critical of British policy there. One of the first victims of Nazi persecution in Germany, he never wavered in his belief in the triumph of socialism and the future of the Zionist enterprise. He died a lonely refugee in Prague. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: K. Blumenfeld, Erlebte Judenfrage (1962), 57, 123. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Bloch, "Der Kampf Joseph Blochs und der 'Sozialistische Monatshefte' in der Weimarer Republik," in: Jahrbuch des Instituts für Deutsche Geschichte, 3 (1974), 257–88. BLOCH, JOSEPH LEIB BLOCH, JOSEPH LEIB (1860–1930), Lithuanian yeshivah head. He showed exceptional ability from childhood and at the age of 14 he traveled to Chelm where he studied under R. Eliezer Gordon . He continued his studies with Naphtali Ẓevi Judah Berlin at Volozhin. After his marriage to the daughter of Eliezer Gordon, he moved to Telz, where he assisted his father-in-law, who had been appointed rabbi and rosh yeshivah. In 1902, after resigning from the yeshivah in protest against the resistance of a number of the students to the study of musar, he was appointed rabbi of Varna, a small village near Telz. He served later as rabbi of Shadova, where he established his own yeshivah. In 1910 Bloch was appointed rabbi of Telz and roshyeshivah, succeeding his father-in-law. Under his leadership, the yeshivah attracted large numbers of students. In addition to his lectures on halakhah, Bloch also gave talks on musar. He took the unusual step of founding a teachers' seminary, which produced hundreds of educators, and a preparatory school, in which secular studies were taught. Thanks to these auxiliary institutions, the yeshivah of Telz occupied a central position, with an enrollment, at times, of as many as 500 students. Active in communal affairs, Bloch served as a member of the executive of the Association of Lithuanian Rabbis and as one of the leaders of agudat israel . Prominent among his sons were Abraham Isaac, who succeeded his father in Telz, and Elijah Meir, who was one of the yeshivah principals. His other sons and sons-in-law also taught in Telz. Bloch's ethical essays were published in Shi'urei Da'at (pt. 1, 1949; pt. 2, 1953; pt. 3, 1956). His halakhic lectures appeared in Shi'ur Halakhah (pt. 1, 1932; pt. 2, 1943; pt. 3, 1958). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Katz, Tenu'at ha-Musar, 5 (1962/63), 17–109. (Itzhak Alfassi)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BLOCH, JOSEPH SAMUEL — (1850–1923), rabbi, publicist, and politician in Austria. He acquired distinction for his defense of Judaism against the blood libel and was praised by adolf jellinek as the Hercules of the antisemitic Augean stables. Son of a poor baker in Dukla …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bloch, Joseph Samuel — ▪ Austrian rabbi, politician, and journalist born Nov. 20, 1850, Dukla, Galicia, Austrian Empire [now in Poland] died Oct. 1, 1923, Vienna [Austria]       Austrian rabbi, politician, journalist, and crusader against anti Semitism, particularly… …   Universalium

  • Bloch, Joseph Samuel — (1850 1923)    Austrian rabbi. He was born in Galicia. He served as a lecturer in the Vienna bet midrash. In 1882 he accused August Rohling of perjury for his allegation that Jews practised ritual murder. Rohling sued Bloch, but later withdrew… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Joseph Samuel Bloch — (* 20. November 1850 in Dukla, Galizien, Österreich Ungarn, heute Polen; † 1. Oktober 1923 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Rabbiner und Reichsratsabgeordneter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bloch — [blŏch] ist ein – überwiegend jüdischer – Familienname. Häufigkeit und Verbreitung Es gibt es ca. 2170 Personen (bei über 1000 Telefonbucheinträge[1]) in der Schweiz [2] mit diesem Namen. Die meisten finden sich in Basel und Umgebung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Bloch (Publizist) — Joseph Bloch (* 14. September 1871 in Vilkiviali, Russisches Kaiserreich; † 14. Dezember 1936 in Prag) war ein sozialdemokratischer Publizist. Er war langjähriger Herausgeber der Sozialistischen Monatshefte. Er war einer der einflussreichsten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Bloch — ist der Name folgender Personen: Joseph Bloch (Publizist) (1871–1936), Publizist und Schriftsteller, Herausgeber der Sozialistischen Monatshefte Joseph Bloch (Pianist) (1917–2009), US amerikanischer Pianist Joseph Leib Bloch (1860–1930),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bloch Publishing Company — is the oldest Jewish publishing company,Robert Singerman, [http://blochpub.com/bloch history.pdf “Bloch Company: Pioneer Jewish Publishing House in the West”] , Jewish Book Annual, Vol. 52, pp. 110 30.] and one of the oldest ongoing family… …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Gottlieb Kölreuter — (* 27. April 1733 in Sulz am Neckar; † 11. November 1806 in Karlsruhe), auch Koelreuter oder Kohlreuter, war ein deutscher Botaniker und Professor für Naturgeschichte sowie Direktor der Hofgärten in Karlsruhe. Sein offizi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph E. Drexel — (* 6. Juni 1896 in München; † 13. April 1976 in Nürnberg) war der Gründer der Nürnberger Nachrichten. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 1.1 Herkunft und Ausbildung 1.2 Wehrdiens …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.