BLOCH, JOSEPH (1871–1936), German socialist and journalist. Born in Lithuania, he immigrated to Germany where he edited the Sozialistische Monatshefte, a monthly publication which attracted a team of outstanding writers. Bloch advocated a union of Continental Europe and when the Bolsheviks came to power in Russia, he proposed a Franco-German Union. After the German revolution of 1918, he advocated a system of German democracy based on workers' councils. The Monatshefte gave considerable attention to Jewish questions and supported the Zionist movement. Bloch favored mass immigration to Palestine and was highly critical of British policy there. One of the first victims of Nazi persecution in Germany, he never wavered in his belief in the triumph of socialism and the future of the Zionist enterprise. He died a lonely refugee in Prague. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: K. Blumenfeld, Erlebte Judenfrage (1962), 57, 123. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Bloch, "Der Kampf Joseph Blochs und der 'Sozialistische Monatshefte' in der Weimarer Republik," in: Jahrbuch des Instituts für Deutsche Geschichte, 3 (1974), 257–88. BLOCH, JOSEPH LEIB BLOCH, JOSEPH LEIB (1860–1930), Lithuanian yeshivah head. He showed exceptional ability from childhood and at the age of 14 he traveled to Chelm where he studied under R. Eliezer Gordon . He continued his studies with Naphtali Ẓevi Judah Berlin at Volozhin. After his marriage to the daughter of Eliezer Gordon, he moved to Telz, where he assisted his father-in-law, who had been appointed rabbi and rosh yeshivah. In 1902, after resigning from the yeshivah in protest against the resistance of a number of the students to the study of musar, he was appointed rabbi of Varna, a small village near Telz. He served later as rabbi of Shadova, where he established his own yeshivah. In 1910 Bloch was appointed rabbi of Telz and roshyeshivah, succeeding his father-in-law. Under his leadership, the yeshivah attracted large numbers of students. In addition to his lectures on halakhah, Bloch also gave talks on musar. He took the unusual step of founding a teachers' seminary, which produced hundreds of educators, and a preparatory school, in which secular studies were taught. Thanks to these auxiliary institutions, the yeshivah of Telz occupied a central position, with an enrollment, at times, of as many as 500 students. Active in communal affairs, Bloch served as a member of the executive of the Association of Lithuanian Rabbis and as one of the leaders of agudat israel . Prominent among his sons were Abraham Isaac, who succeeded his father in Telz, and Elijah Meir, who was one of the yeshivah principals. His other sons and sons-in-law also taught in Telz. Bloch's ethical essays were published in Shi'urei Da'at (pt. 1, 1949; pt. 2, 1953; pt. 3, 1956). His halakhic lectures appeared in Shi'ur Halakhah (pt. 1, 1932; pt. 2, 1943; pt. 3, 1958). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Katz, Tenu'at ha-Musar, 5 (1962/63), 17–109. (Itzhak Alfassi)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Joseph Samuel Bloch — (* 20. November 1850 in Dukla, Galizien, Österreich Ungarn, heute Polen; † 1. Oktober 1923 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Rabbiner und Reichsratsabgeordneter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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